Teenage Pregnancies are regular occurrences among our girls in our global society. Furthermore, it is important to note that nearly all teen pregnancies are unintended.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) defines Teenage pregnancy as a teenage girl, between the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant. The term in everyday speech usually refers to girls who have not yet reached legal adulthood, which varies across the world, who become pregnant.
Pregnant teenagers are faced with the same pregnancy-related issues as other women. However, there are further concerns raised for those under 15 years of age, as they are less likely to be physically developed to sustain a healthy pregnancy or perhaps to give birth. For girls aged 15-19, risks are associated more with social issues than the effects of age, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund.
There are three main factors that contribute to females under twenty becoming pregnant:
- Lack of Knowledge on safe sex
- Peer Pressure
- Absent Parents
Lack of knowledge on safe sex
Sometimes teenagers may not have the knowledge required to make informed and responsible decisions of whether they should be sexually active or not. Therefore, those teenagers who are uninstructed about safe sex are more likely to have an unintended pregnancy, because of ignorance. Moreover, some teens may not fully understand the emotional and biological aspects of sexual relations, as a result of this, the information that is relayed to them through videos, movies or friends may be incorrect, but out of innocence and ignorance, they opt to be engaged.
Secondly, direct or indirect peer pressure is another cause of teenage pregnancies. During adolescence, teenagers may often feel internal pressure to do the things that their peers are doing just to be ‘recognized’ and not rejected or ridiculed. Many times teens allow their friends to influence their decision to have sex even though they are not fully educated about the consequences of the act. They have sex to be seen as adults or appear sophisticated, but the end result is a young girl hanging from a tree and a teenage boy on the run. It is just a sad reality.
Finally, the absence of the parents is another cause of teenage pregnancies. Parents play an integral and exceptional role as it relates to the development and enforcement of ethical values. A break down in the family can affect the proper guidance and support of a teenager. Teen girls are more likely to get pregnant if they have limited guidance from their parents. Many parents have busy lives that prevent them from providing guidance that their young teenagers need to make good decisions on issues as sex, according to the website Parent Dish. When teens find it fearful to talk to their parents about sex, because they will be shunned or they are absent, they will turn to friends and have conversations in search of information, resulting in misinformation and possible teen pregnancy.
In concluding, teenage pregnancy is evident in our global society. Teen girls and teen boys should be properly monitored and cared for in the society. Teenagers should be well knowledgeable of sex and parents should not fail to relay information essential for their development. Having relayed the information, teenagers will more be able to make informed and responsible decisions so as to mitigate the teenage pregnancy rate in our global society.
Teenagers should make wise decisions for their life, for the choices they make today will affect their future.
About the Author:
Ackeem Smith is a 19-years-old student at the William Knibb High School, he is currently in the upper sixth form. He aspires to be a lawyer, a politician and the prospective Prime Minister of Jamaica.
Editor at Large, Mckoy’s News: the views expressed in this post are that of the writer and not that of Mckoy’s News.