Evangelical Lutheran Church

Evangelical Lutheran Church short ‘at least 600’ pastors as many step away from ministry amid pandemic

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Presiding Bishop Elizabeth Eaton’s reelection was announced on the first ballot at the ELCA Churchwide Assembly on Tuesday, August 6, 2019 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. | Facebook/Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Presiding Bishop Elizabeth Eaton’s reelection was announced on the first ballot at the ELCA Churchwide Assembly on Tuesday, August 6, 2019 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. | Facebook/Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Since their former Pastor Darren Paulson resigned last September as the COVID-19 pandemic raged into its second year, congregants of Atonement Lutheran Church in Billing Heights, Montana, have been waiting patiently for their local synod to replace him.

With a national shortage of “at least 600” pastors in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America under which the Atonement Lutheran Church operates, according to lay leader Kristin LaVe, it might be some time before their wait for a new pastor is over.

“The shortage [is what’s behind the wait], that’s what they’re telling us from the synod,” Nancy Rupe, the church’s office administrator who now runs the daily operations of the church with more than 260 active members, told The Christian Post on Tuesday. “Our pastor resigned and took a position at another organization in September and so we’ve been in the call process since that time.”

At the Montana Synod of the ELCA, 35 pastor positions remain unfilled, LaVe told KTVQ. So as they wait to get a full-time pastor again, Rupe said the church has had to get creative to source preachers on Sundays. The church now routinely reaches out to a list of 10 to 12 retired and lay pastors to see who might be available to preach each week.

“We have a calendar. It’s just typically a different pastor each week. It’s not always the same pastor,” Rupe said.

When asked what she thinks was the reason behind the pastor shortage, Rupe said she believes people are no longer as attracted to ministry as they were in the past and the COVID-19 pandemic was a big shock to the profession.

“I’m assuming that it’s probably because there’s not as many individuals going into ministry and therefore not attending seminary. And then you have what they call baby boomers going into retirement,” she said. “I’m sure COVID had some part to play in it.”

Bishop Paul Egensteiner, who leads the Metropolitan New York Synod of the ELCA, told CP in a statement Tuesday that the denomination has been hit very hard with a “retirement wave” and his synod was no exception.

“We, also, are experiencing a shortage and have been for some time. For this reason, our churches end up waiting longer than any of us wants to for a new pastor,” Egensteiner said.

“The ELCA is hitting a ‘retirement wave’ where pastors ordained in the ’70s and ’80s are at or over retirement age and this is leading to an even greater shortage since those decades were the most recent height of pastors entering ministry,” he continued, noting that there is also a “critical shortage of pastors who are bilingual who can minister to the diversity of communities in our area, notably Spanish-speaking and Asian communities

Bishop Paul Egensteiner of the Metropolitan New York Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America | Saint Peter’s Lutheran Church
Bishop Paul Egensteiner of the Metropolitan New York Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America | Saint Peter’s Lutheran Church

Indeed, the pastor shortage in the ELCA comes as an increasing number of pastors in general revealed in a recent study that they are considering quitting their jobs due to challenges such as stress, loneliness, political divisions and other worries like their church being in decline.

In 2017, well before the COVID-19 pandemic, a Barna Group report also showed how the average age of Protestant pastors in the United States had increased by a decade over the previous 25 years, putting it just six years below the current Minimum Retirement Age of 62.

And just months into the pandemic in 2020, Vanderbloemen Search Group CEO and founder William Vanderbloemen predicted there would be high staff turnover in churches and a demand for more priestly pastors as the world emerged from COVID-19 lockdowns.

“I promise you, 2021 is going to be the year of turnover. And so this year, we’ve been preparing for that. It’s going to be a storm surge,” Vanderbloemen said in an earlier CP report.

Many longtime church leaders, particularly men, accelerated their retirement plans due to the pandemic.

“I cannot tell you how many guys and gals, but guys predominantly, who were thinking, sometime in the next five years I’m going to talk about succession. Well, guess what COVID accelerated?” Vanderbloemen asked rhetorically.

Recalling some of the reasons leaders were giving for an accelerated succession timeline, he said: “’Well you know what? I just didn’t sign up for this and they really need a digital native and I’m not.’ And ‘It’s time to speed this up and get the next person in.’ So there’s just so many reasons why we foresee ’21 as a year where there’s going to be a lot of turnover, and some of it is going to be really painful.”

Laurie Jungling, the ELCA’s bishop for Montana who has filled in as a preacher at Atonement Lutheran Church told the Wall Street Journal in February that the departure of pastors from their pulpits started accelerating in the summer of 2020.

“Pastors are tired,” she said. “They’re giving a lot of themselves to help folks deal with the trauma of the pandemic. They’ve had to face polarization in their own congregations, people’s anger and frustration about masks and vaccines, whether to have worship or not.”

LaVe who works full-time as a chaplain outside the church, agreed that many pastors she knows were forced to make the difficult decision to retire or resign due to the upheaval created by the pandemic in their ministries

“I had friends in the ministry who struggled during the pandemic because they didn’t know what church was going to look like after the pandemic and they really lost their will to continue to be pastors because for a while there the churches were closed and then they kind of gradually opened and they were trying to navigate masks and vaccines and how to safely support the members and congregation. So there was some burnout,” she said.

“If you’re wanting to go to seminary and you’re looking at churches closing what kind of future is it too? There are so many opportunities outside of the church to continue to do ministry like the chaplaincy which is what my day job is at a retirement nursing community,” she added.  “There is a lot of stability in other areas of ministry. There are ways to find new life outside of the church when the church feels like it’s not thriving anymore.”

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